Jun 29, - One possible side effect that may not go away is infertility. Some anti-cancer drugs damage ovaries. This may cause menopause symptoms, such as hot flashes and vaginal dryness. Oct 3, - For example, drugs can be given to help prevent or reduce nausea and vomiting. Other side effects are also possible. Some of these are more common with certain chemo drugs. Ask your cancer care team about the possible side effects of the specific drugs you are getting.